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Association de peinture Les Entoilés, artistes peintres à Marsillargues

how to analyze a photograph

A brilliant picture from our father of modern photojournalism Henri Cartier-Bresson.… Look for the composition of the picture. Facial expressions are removed from viewer’s access, the individual distances himself from the viewer. How saturated are the colours used (exuberance of colour vs. subtlety)? Some questions to ask yourself when analyzing people are: o An open body can demonstrate a welcoming person. It also reinforces the pre-conditioned meaning of ‘connecting with nature’. The light in the arena is strictly shining on the court which indicates the court is where the show/game is played and connotes that the people that are focused on in the picture are members of the teams, along with the jerseys. Often times without giving much thought towards how we are drawing conclusions about the image. Did you make connections to potential contexts of the image? The image heavily maintains a natural palate of hues, playing with earth tones of moderate to high saturation. When selecting a photo look for a higher quality commercial photo, if you are still new to analyzing photographs selecting a photo that is in a designed space that you are familiar with can make it easier to understand the potential meanings of semiotic materials within the photograph. - Slouching back posture = sign of relaxation or unwinding. Add or Edit Playlist. What are the people doing in the photo? It, therefore, takes more than what meets the eye to accurately capture all the details of the photo and understand the story behind it. In this case, on general observation of the photo, a number of visual components are visible. But by depicting the actions (usually the pose or facial expression) of a person in a photograph we can depict the indexical links of the photograph. Photographs as History: Photo Analysis Lesson Plan Description: Students learn to analyze photographs from the First World War. Have the colours been adjusted from their base colours? Photography Tips For AnalyZing Photos – Shadows Shadows can tell you so much about lighting. We see hundreds or even thousands of images a day, and almost all of them have been digitally manipulated in some way. Choose a photograph that works best with your curricular goals. The setting of a photograph can help analyze the social construction of the photograph. The non-verbal behaviour of the subject is connoted with social ideals leading the viewer to believe that they posses specific traits. What do you think the image hopes to depict? Make some reasonable guesses about this photograph. It contains a list of questions to guide students through the process of analyzing visual material of any kind, including drawing, painting, mixed media, graphic design, sculpture, printmaking, architecture, photography, textiles, fashion and so on (the word ‘artwork’ in this article is all-encompassing). For my instructable, I have selected a photo from Getty Images, which is a well-known sports media/photography company. Although, it looks like the ending of the game due to the lack of people in the arena and those in the background are walking toward the exits. What do you see in this photograph? Step 1: Find an Image to Analyze. 1. Select a photo of your choosing to conduct your analysis with. This is reinforced by the large rock positioned to the right of the image which balances out the visual weight of man on the rock towards the centre. Analyzing an Image’s Tone and Organization Note your gut-level response to an … o Are they moving towards the viewer or away? We are going to use this exercise in order to get a hold on what this image hopes to achieve. Look for a gleam of reflected light in the eye. Through this step-by-step instructable we will learn to answer the question of how we come to understand an image. In 1. How are we reading the messages that we are receiving from the image? Is the focal point ideal for the picture, or could the artist have chosen a different angle? This is the verbal process indexical link. Thanks for sharing all the great information :). Be sure to look for more than just location and time of day when analyzing setting because that can limit the amount of interpretation. Colour within an image is important to analyze the mood of the photograph due to the semiotics of colour. Whether you’re interested in wedding, portrait, commercial, fashion or documentary photography, images … What elements are closed off from interpretation or are clearly defined? Rhetorical analysis essay assignments are mainly given to test your understanding of various pieces of work. Inference. Cut up a photo into 4-8 pieces. If that was the intuition and your analysis was to start with why it was bad, you would have missed the chance to provide feedback that was directly related to the intention of the work. Where activities are taking place are relevant in determining the connotations that can be drawn from the image. Add or Edit Playlist. These factors can include analyzing the setting, people, activities, perspectives, and objects depicted. 1. Here, the viewer is distanced from the man, separated by a body of water. - Appears to be 20-30 years old because of physique and. If you’re trying to figure out what time of day an image was taken, look at the direction of the shadows to help you guess the position of … Below are some things to consider when analyzing a photograph. The photograph has a rough/smooth/silky texture to it. By doing this you will be able to see how connotations perceived from the unaltered image may lean in particular directions than others. 3. In this article, I’m mainly going to focus on assessing your own work to see which of your images are strong and have potential, but you can use the same process to look critically at the photos you see every day. This indicates a further generalization of the subject portrayed in the image. Therefore understanding this important skill will allow you to expand your knowledge of how other photographers work. Divide students into groups based on the number of pieces from each picture puzzle. The player in yellow is looking with direct eye contact and attentively listening to the player in the black jersey, which depicts the mental process. Seeing as this is a sporting event having a split complementary colour scheme showcases the different teams that each player is on. ), horizontal angle (indicates: detachment, disengagement, aggregation of space, etc. Remember we are looking for the "HOW?" - Casual clothing (hoodie, jeans, baseball cap worn backwards) items often worn by boys and young men. Notice the gender, posture, and clothing of the person. Take a glance at your photograph and jot down keywords that you would use to describe the literal meaning of the photograph. Analyzing Photographs The activities in this curriculum rely on three methods of visual analysis: description, reflection, and formal analysis. A. Select a photo of your choosing to conduct your analysis with. But what makes a good photo? Ensure that you describe the meanings of the colour scheme as a whole opposed to the meaning of individual colours in the photo. We can only get a sense of what is occurring in a photograph because it is simply a selected moment that has been captured. Is the subject being viewed from a high angle (bird's eye view), eye-level, low angle (worm's eye view)? Once you’ve honed your craft and built your online portfolio, it’s time to start making some cash.. Rhythm = repetition with alternation or repetition with progression. 2. This gives the man the connotation that he is distant, even extracted from everyday life. - Man is facing away from the camera, he does not engage with the viewer and isolates himself = solitude, disengagement, independence. The naturally occurring complementary colours of blue and orange, as well as the tonal variations of the primary colours harmonizes the objective elements as it casts reflections of their colour values onto the objects. Facial expressions are important indicators of emotion, people often prioritizes the face when reading body language. By covering his mouth it demonstrates that the player in black does not want people to read his lips, hence the possibility of him telling an important message. Example: Teammates giving each other a high five? Step 3: Analyze the Setting. Proximity (of the viewer to the subject). For my selected photo, some key terms I thought of initially were "teaching", "learning", "sporting event" and "post-game". Does a person look to be talking or yelling? As expected, the first approach to image analysis involves observation of the photographic image to obtain a general appreciation of the photograph after which individual aspects of the photo are considered. Study the photograph and discuss it in your group. There are four action processes that are indexed in photographs: Emotional, Mental, Material, Verbal.Things to look for in photographs for these processes: The image above depicts verbal and mental processes as the player in the black jersey seems to be informing the player in the yellow jersey something of importance. A low angle might make the subject seem larger than reality, while a high angle makes the subject look very small. Keep in mind the key search term that you typed in to find your image as it can be useful in analyzing the image in further steps. A single photo can be interpreted differently by many people, and as a writer, it is very probable to be subjective in writing about the photo. Find any high quality commercial image (stock photos, advertisement images, documentary stock, etc.). For the photograph that I have chosen, the search term that I used was "mindfulness". Since they are wearing NBA team jerseys and appear to be much taller than the cameraman, it can depict that they are NBA players. o Are the people being shown as a collective of people? Is depth of the image enhanced by the colours? Step 5: Analyzing Colour. Consider why the objects in the picture have their specific orientation. Offer advice for the photographer if the focus is obscured or misguided. Try to use descriptive words that would quickly summarize your initial reaction to the photograph. The angle has the potential to create a narrative of the image. STEP 2 DESCRIBE the picture (general impression, parts, etc.). Use a graphic organizer to help students analyze a historical document and determine its perspective or bias. For this instructable, I will demonstrate how to conduct a step-by-step analysis of a photograph. - Self Love, Self Reflection, Self Connection. Build your professional portfolio website. Although they are members of a collective (their NBA teams), they are still being shown as individuals in this photograph. A photograph is a 2-D image of a 3-D scene. 4. 3. Analysing images can help your photography massively as it will teach you the strategies and techniques other top photographers are using in their portfolios. 1. Write two words that describe the photo. Document Analysis Form. Crossed legged seating position = meditation, contemplation, relaxation. For these reasons, understanding the use of colour and colour scheme of a photo is important for a complete analysis of a photo. Colours are useful in creating links between various elements that may otherwise be different. - Clothing and physique essentially allude to youthfulness. Do dark tones or light tones have more prominence? It brings to mind the terms ‘tranquility’ and ‘peace’. People Objects Activities 2. A photograph can evoke powerful emotions and prompt humble reflection. There are two aspects to positioning analysis: 1. the angle (vertical, horizontal, oblique) and 2. STEP 1 INTRODUCE the picture (genre, origin, topic / theme, etc.). Using the image Lincoln on Battlefield of Antietam, Maryland as an example, introduce the basic concepts of description, reflection, and formal analysis, as described in Analyzing Photographs, by modeling these methods for the … 2. Share it with us. Some ways to define the uses of colour in photographs are: The colour scheme of the image above is a split complementary colour scheme, which shows that there is a differentiation of colours opposed to a monochromatic colour scheme. Using the tools of compositional analysis and descriptive analysis discussed earlier in the semester, describe the visual elements of the photograph, imagine its possible audiences, and consider its purpose and … Share it with us! STEP 4 CONCLUDE / GIVE YOUR OPINION about the … By looking at the man in the black jersey's receding hairline and balding, it can mean that he is an older player/man. Before class on Thursday, March 8, spend some time with that photograph and prepare a written close analysis of it. With JPEG images, the entire picture should be at roughly the same error level. For the exercises in this instructable you can follow along with the image that I have chosen, and/or if you so choose conduct your own analysis after! Step 2: Describe Your Initial Thoughts. How immersed is the subject to the setting? Is he facing towards the camera or away? 5. 5) How does the setting contribute to enhancing the potential connotations of the image? What if the intention of the photograph is to show how to not photograph your subject for a book or article on what not to do. How far or close is the viewer from the subject in the image? What about purity? Analysing a photograph looks at different characteristics compared to how we analyse other 2-D artwork. The subject is seated The viewer is distant but can choose to interact with the subject as there appears to remain a level of human resonance. Observe if the objects seem crowded or sparse, symmetrical or asymmetrical. Learning to Analyze Your Photography requires introspection and self-analysis. Remember! Are there different shades of colours that overlap? Here you can also pull out the key search term or tags that you used/ or would use to find your image. Colours can be generally associated with parts of our everyday lives. ), or oblique angles (indicative of informality, spontaneity, dynamism, etc.)? Is there an action being done in the material world? 3) Are there any metaphors between symbols in the setting and subject? Both. Step 4: Analyze the People. Check the photo's focus. We tend to look at images and decipher their meanings right away. The colours on the man’s coat are repeating red white and green which stand out against the neutral background. Photos represent a frozen moment in time. An example is green meaning go, but also representing money. Circle what you see in the photo. Observe its parts. Since the man’s face is not visible, the mood in the image can range from bliss to sadness, depending on how the image is read and/or manipulated in use. = self contemplation, dissimilarity, alienation. In any photographic analysis it is important to analyze the repetition of shapes and tones in the image. Does a person look to be pondering, thinking, listening and/or sensing. Analyzing people in a photograph helps depict potential meanings, as it gives further context to the photograph. The way that the viewer can interact with the image can also be guided by the way that they are positioned in relation to the subject of the image. Looking at catchlights can also hint if the photo… This is also known as denotation. This is probably the easiest/fastest way to see light. Observe its parts. The man becomes just a figurative representation of a person and/or concept rather than the focus of specific discourse. Did you make this project? a) SUBJECT MATTER What is the major … List the people, objects and activities you see. The man in the yellow jersey has his shoulders rested back and a calmness to his posture which connotes he is comfortable and attentive in this photograph. Give each student in a group one of the pieces. Analyzing a Photograph. I have chosen an image (above) that I found on a website called Unsplash. - Man is more deeply set into the foreground creating distance between the viewer and subject. This will essentially allow us to understand the individual elements that compose this overall meaning. In the photograph, the viewer is positioned to look at the subject from almost eye-level. Did you make this project? If you just had repetition of elements, it would get boring. First, write out the key words that come to mind when viewing the photograph. At the same time, the sunset has the potential to connote the ending of old cycles. The race of the man is not as clearly decipherable from what is visible of his skin in the image. Are warm colours used in the image or cool colours? Now that you have your image, you can dive right in! Type of photo (check all that apply): Portrait Landscape Aerial/Satellite Action Architectural Event Family Panoramic Posed Candid Documentary Selfie Other Is there a caption? Photography can be a fun hobby but it can also be a serious business. 2. 4) How deeply into the frame is the individual placed? In the case of a visual rhetoric analysis essay, it is important that you first get to know how an image is used in communication. Let’s look at how to assess and analyze your images. The man in this case is situated within nature. The above exercise will provide you with the answer to the question: What reaction the image elicits from you? Use the chart below to list people, objects, and activities that you can clearly observe in the photograph. 3. It’s an essential aspect to the development of any photographer. To truly understand the way that colour has such a great impact on the connotations that can be derived from the image, you can alter, for example, the hues of various pieces of the image (the sky, the water, the person, etc.). When describing a photograph, we can talk about: a) SUBJECT MATTER, b) THEMES, c) PLACEMENT and d) STYLE and REPRESENTATION. 2) Is there an environment in which the individual is placed that aligns or disengages with the nonverbal behaviour of the individual? You did make connections, think about how you came to the conclusions about selecting key words. Description. o Can the people be categorized by physical or cultural stereotypes? Does the pose or facial expression depict a certain emotion? The rocks behind him however, compositionally directs the viewer’s gaze towards what becomes the focal point. Step 1: Select an Image to Analyze. The first thing I look at when looking at a photo are the catchlights. Pattern – Can you see any patterns e.g. The rocks scattered in the still waters act as metaphors both within the physical landscape and as a potential reflection of the individual’s mental space. While photography is a moment that has been captured at a specific time, it also includes potential meanings that can be deciphered from a thorough analysis of semiotic materials within the photograph. Analyze Photography. In the image I have selected, the two individuals in the jerseys take up the most space which can connote that they are the focus of the image. What does the framing tell us about the photograph? Find any high quality commercial image (stock photos, advertisement images, documentary stock, etc.). What are the objects used for in the photo? To capture the moment through text, time must be taken to observe and analyze … 2. This pattern is visually eye catching. The first step in visual analysis is . The horizon defined by the outline of mountains and the direction he faces can connote looking towards a positive future. This addition contributes to the subject's sense of independence, as the viewer observes him at a place of strength (positioned higher than onlooker). Teaching Strategy . is an educator who teaches aspiring amateurs and hobbyists how to improve their skills through free articles on her website Digital Photo Mentor, online photography classes, and travel tours to exotic places like Peru, Thailand, India, Cuba, Morocco, Bhutan, Vietnam and more. Students choose a photo from the official First World War photograph collection and create a presentation in which they analyze the photo from the perspective of the photographer. Is the subject being viewed from a vertical angle (indicates: superiority/inferiority, strength/vulnerability, engagement, creativity, etc. In sports, opposing teams need to have colours on opposite areas of the colour wheel to assist with differentiating the players on each team. Which are the most dominant? o Do they look comfortable or uncomfortable? Keep in mind the key search term that you typed in to find your image as it can be useful in analyzing the image in … The composition frames him in such a way that he is surrounded by nature in all directions. Have each student analyze the piece. What elements are open to interpretation? Meet the photo. Study it for unintentional blurriness. Spaces are linked to expected affordances built by social and cultural constructions on what can be done in them.Therefore, settings can extremely valuable in guiding the photograph decoding process. What does the camera angle tell us about the photograph? Are there any points of abundant light? This is specifically visible in the way that the luminosity of the yellows and oranges in the sunset reflect onto the water and the darker shadows cast as a result encompass the rest of the image, making the rocks and figure appear of similar colour value. Lesson Steps. You can almost always tell the position of the light is when looking at catchlights and sometimes you can also tell what light was used. After evaluating potential camera errors, analyze the photo's subject. The individual aspects of the image can give insight into where the key ideas in the previous step are derived. Other things to look for when analyzing setting include lighting, surrounding environment of the main subject(s), where the subject is located within the photo.In this particular image, the setting shows that the game is being played on a large stage because it is at least a double-decker arena. In a typical assignment, you will be given an image to analyze in … The dimensions of colour that can be analyzed: The subject is seated and is coloured in such a way that he blends in with the rocks, furthering the assumption of ‘connecting with nature’. There is a range of warm and cool colours within the photo as well. What do you notice first? Observation. This is one of the best ways to gage the purpose(s) of the image. The still water that surrounds the individual activates a sort of human sensory resonance with the space. o Are the people being shown as individuals?

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